Pearl Witherington

Pearl Witherington

Pearl Witherington was an English secret agent. She was born in 1914 in Paris. Her parents were British expatriates. In 1941, she enlisted in the Women’s Auxiliary Air Force but she did not want to stay behind a desk during the war, so in June 1943 she enlisted in the Special Operations Executive.

After preparations, she was parachuted near Chateauroux and worked as a courier for the Stationer network. Then, in May 1944, she became the chief of the Wrestler network. In September, her network helped Americans during the surrender of 18,000 Germans.

She was promoted Flight Officer and went back to England. In 2004, Elisabeth II gave her the title of Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire. She died in Blois in February 2008.

Juliette Burgot. Image


The Boston Tea Party

With the 1765 Stamp Act and the 1767 Townshend Act, Great Britain could tax tea in its 13 American colonies. There were a lot of protestations because tea became very expensive but nothing changed. In 1773, the colonies had a lot of debts and large stocks of tea and they had to react.

That is why, on 16th December 1773, 60 people named Sons Of Liberty took 3 boats: the Beaver, the Dartmouth and the Eleanor, and threw chests of tea in the Boston port. It was an important and symbolic event of the American Revolution announcing the War of Independence.

Gwenaelle Dubois. Image



McCarthyism appeared in the fifties, during the cold war. This geopolitical problem between the United States and the Soviet Union created in the US an atmosphere of fear against communism. Senator Joseph McCarthy created this movement. In 1950 he asserted that communist spies infiltrated the American administration. This speech put the US into a fever of denouncement and slanders.

Between 1950 and 1954 McCarthy’s partisans and the FBI strived to find all the communists of the country, they arrested them and sent them to prison. The future president Ronald Reagan and many other well-known people like Gary Cooper or Ginger Rogers actively participated in this campaign. They created the black list of Hollywood. Because of them, Charlie Chaplin, for example, after his new movie called Limelight, was forced to exile in Europe.

The US did not forget this period of trouble that became a synonym of dictatorship for national security.

Cecile Delagarde


Jack the Ripper

The story of Jack the Ripper is probably one of the biggest enigmas in history. He was a serial killer in London at the end of the nineteenth century. In all, he murdered five prostitutes in Whitechapel, in 1888. The victims first had their throat cut, two of them were gutted: the assassin opened the abdomen and then took out intestines, kidneys, and uterus.

Several letters from Jack the Ripper were sent to the police, in which the murderer boasted, threated them and laughed at the bad ways the investigators used. Witnesses allowed an identity picture to be made: the killer was a white, left-handed male of 20 to 40 years.

The main suspect was Prince Albert Victor, a member of the royal family who was familiar with knives and also had a disease that made him mad. Despite the many tracks that the police had at the time, we still do not know the identity of Jack the Ripper. Many hypotheses have been proposed but the mystery still hangs over this case.

Alice Chretien. Image


Lawrence of Arabia

Photo of Lawrence of Arabia

Thomas Edward Lawrence was born in 1888 in Wales. He studied archeology at Jesus College in Oxford. In 1909, he travelled in Beyrouth (Liban). His passion for the Middle East began there. In 1911, Lawrence returned to the Middle East officially for archeology research. In reality, he was ordered to make maps of the Sinai (Egypt) for the British army to prepare the invasion of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). In 1914, Lawrence registered on the British intelligence services.

During the WW1, he stirred up the Arabic populations against the Ottomans. These actions were important because the rebellion inspired by Lawrence lead to the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1922. In 1917, Lawrence went to Jerusalem with General Allenby, Chief of the British Armed Forces in Palestine. One year later, he took control of Damas (Syria).

After the war, Lawrence received his nickname of “Lawrence of Arabia”. During the Peace Conference in Paris in 1918, he stood up for the creation of an independent Arabic Empire. He died in 1935. Lawrence became popular with the famous film of David Lean in 1962. Nowadays, Lawrence of Arabia is considered as a myth.

Louis Banton. Image


Muhammed Ali

Old photo of Muhammed Ali

Muhammad Ali was born in 1942 with the name of Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. He began his professional career in 1960. He won the WBC title and the WBA title in 1964.

In the same year, he was recruited by the Nation of Islam when Malcolm X become his mentor. He changed his name in Cassius X and not long after he became Muhammad Ali. Ali went to Nigeria and Egypt. He was WBA champion again in 1967 and from 1964 to 1967 he was WBC champion too. In 1966, he refused to enrol in the army and he also refused to go in a recruitment centre. So he was judged and sentenced to a $10,000 fine and 5 years in prison. However the court cancelled the prison but withdrew his title and his boxing licence.

In 1970, he recovered his boxing licence and recovered his title in 1974. In 1975, he converted to Sunni Islam. He decided retire in 1981.

Baptiste Billoin


New York

Statue of Liberty

New York City, at the mouth of the Hudson river, is the principal town of the United States of America. It has five boroughs which are the Bronx, Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Queens and Staten Island. Its nickname is The Big Apple or The City That Never Sleeps. With its more than eight million of inhabitants, it is ranked as the second world place.

New York has know a development of trade and industry thanks to the arrival of millions of migrants which provoqued a demographic increase. New York is a multicultural city, Asians and Italians have settled in Chinatown and Little Italy but African Americans are the dominant group in Harlem where 120 different languages are spoken.

The most famous skyscrapers are in Manhattan: the Empire State Building, the Chrysler building the Rockefeller Center and of course the Statue of liberty. Also, many sports are practised in New York, but the most famous team is the baseball team, the Yankees. And of course, we all know famous people from the Big Apple like Lady Gaga, Alicia Keys, Vin Diesel, and M. Jordan

Faiza Zaroual. Image


Racial segregation in the USA in the XXth century

White/coloured drinking fountain sign

After being slaves, black people became second-class citizen in the USA. Black and white people didn’t have the same rights. For example, black people were excluded from libraries, restaurants etc. Moreover, thousands of Black people were lynched by the Ku Klux Klan.

Some people fought for black people's rights and thanks to them, nowadays, black and white people have the same rights. There were Rosa Parks, a black woman who refused to give her seat to a white man in a bus, Martin Luther King, a young pastor who organized a lot of pacifist actions fighting discrimination, Malcom X and the Black Panther Party that denounced black people’s situation in ghettos and claimed employment and proper housing.

Juliette Burgot. Image


Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela photo

Nelson RolihlahlaMandela was born in 1918 in South Africa. He was a member of the African National Congress (ANC) and he spent his life fighting against racial segregation, against the apartheid. In 1961, he participated in a campaign of sabotage and was arrested in 1962.

In 1964, he was sentenced to life imprisonment and was released in 1990, after 27 years spent in prison on Robben Island. In 1993, he received the Nobel Peace Prize, and in 1994, became the first black president of South Africa until 1999. He died on December 5th, in 2013.

Alice Chretien


New York

New York skyline

New York is the principal town of the United States, situated on the east coast of America. The big apple counts more than 8 million inhabitants distributed in 5 boroughs: Manhattan, Brooklyn, the Queens, the Bronx and Staten Island.

The heart of New York is Manhattan which has a particular organization with streets and avenues and some original districts like Chinatown, Little Italy or Harlem. In the south of Manhattan there is the most important stock exchange of the World, Wall Street.

About 4 million tourists visit New York every year. The emblem of the United States is the statue of liberty, a gift from France. In Manhattan there is also the Empire State Building, Fifth avenue, Times Square with big screens which broadcast publicity, Central park, the biggest park of New York and tons of galleries and art museums.

Lea Cornu & Vikidia



Hip-Hop is a cultural and artistic movement that appeared in the early 70s in the South Bronx, New York, among black and Latino ghettos. Street culture existed for centuries everywhere, but in the USA, a country of ghettos, it was isolated from society, and this is why hip-hop involves festive and protest aspects.

Hip-hop can be expressed by four different arts: Rap, the most popular; DJing, a new way of making music; Break dancing including head spins and backspins and Graffiti, the visual art. We can also add human beat boxing, street language and street fashion.

Today there are video clips of famous stars of hip-hop music such as Eminem. We can see dancers moving in the style of new hip-hop. Hip-hop as a dance area is so popular that it has penetrated into our lives everywhere. After more than 30 years there are no signs of slowing down this culture.

Marine Porcher. Image


Marilyn Monroe

Marilyn Monroe

Marilyn Monroe was born Norma Jeane Mortenson in 1926 in Los Angeles. She was an American actress, model, and singer, who became a major sex symbol, and had a great success in the 1950s and 1960s.

She signed a contract with 20th Century Fox and from 1947 to 1962 she acted in 33 films in all, she sang 33 songs and got many awards. She was a muse to Andy Warhol, in the film The Seven years itch when her dress flew up because of the underground entrance. She is famous to her blond hair and her beauty spot on her left cheek. She divorced 3 times in all her life.

Marilyn Monroe died on 5th August 1962 from an excess of sleeping pills. Incoherencies of the investigation let people imagine other ways of her tragic death: suicide, excess of drugs, or political murder.

Charlotte Gasch


Sleep no more

Theatrical mask

Sleep No More is an interactive work of theatre created by Punchdrunk and based on William Shakespeare's Macbeth.The play takes place in Manhattan in the McKittrick Hotel.

The decoration as well as the actors adopts an aesthetic style of the early 20th century inspired by the shadowy atmosphere of film noir.During the whole play (3 hours), one has to wear a white mask (as in the picture above). You choose the character you want to follow: you can follow them during their whole mission, or you can decide to wander around and experience the great atmosphere in the hotel. The actors play in silence and do not interact with the public, although, if you are lucky, you could be selected for a one-on-one and be treated in a special way (the character could dance with you or even whisper something in your ear!).

Sleep no more is a once in a lifetime experience!

Ariadna Olariu. Image



This is your web space!

Just like last year, you will be required to give at least one oral presentation in class. Then you will publish a summary of your presentation here, with a small illustration. Can't decide what to talk about? There are some great ideas on Icons!



Afternoon tea at the Ritz

Cakes & sandwiches

The Ritz is a 5 star Hotel in Piccadilly, London, established in 1906.The Palm Court is the main place where tea is served at the Ritz. Its design was inspired by La Belle Epoque. It is said that The Palm Court has the most flattering light in the world which makes people look more beautiful than in real life. The light is of a pink apricot colour and was chosen by the Ritz after spending hours contemplating this matter.

In 2013 the Ritz received the award of excellence for their outstanding quality and consistently high standards in tea service.You should keep in mind that one has to book up to 12 weeks in advance if one wants to have tea at the Ritz. Moreover, you have to respect a formal dress code which is required: jeans and trainers are not allowed!

In conclusion, having tea at this marvellous Hotel in Piccadilly is certainly an interesting experience you will look back on.

Ariadna Olariu


Sir Winston Churchill

Winston CHURCHILL (1874-1965) Sir Winston CHURCHILL was a British politician and statesman known for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. He had won early fame as a war correspondent in the late 19th century. When World War II broke out, he was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. In May 1940, he became Prime Minister and Minister of Defence and remained in office until 1945. He took over the premiership again after the Conservative victory in 1951 and resigned in 1955. His refusal to consider or admit defeat during World War II, as well as his speeches and radio broadcasts helped inspire British confidence and resistance. He is the only British Prime Minister to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature (1953). In 1965 Queen Elizabeth II granted him the honour of a state funeral. He was buried in Blandon, near his birthplace of Blenheim Palace.

Nina le Blanc. Image


Zuckerberg & Facebook

Mark Elliot Zuckerberg was born in 1984 in White Plains. He is a computer programmer and is best known as the CEO of the social network Facebook.

Mark Zuckerberg studied at Harvard. In October 2003, he launched his first website: Facemash. Its principle was to ask the visitors to vote for the picture of the hottest students but the site was shut down by Harvard. In February 2004, Zuckerberg teamed up with three of his friends and they launched the first version of Facebook. It was an immediate success. In March 2004, Facebook was expanded to almost all of the universities of the USA and from September 2006, anyone who was at least 13 years old could open an account. In May 2012, Facebook entered in the stock market and was estimated at $100 billion.

Nowadays, Mark Zuckerberg is the youngest billionaire in the world and Facebook has about one billion subscribers. The impressive story of Facebook gave birth to a movie: The social network.

Lea Cornu. Image


Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan was born in 1911. He studied sociology and economics, played on the football team and acted in school plays. Upon graduation, he became a radio sports announcer. Screen tests in 1937 won him a Hollywood contract. During the next two decades, he appeared in over 53 films. He started his political career by being a member of the Democratic Party, his positions began shifting rightward in the 1950s, and he switched to the Republican Party in 1962. In 1966, Ronald Reagan was elected Governor of California, then re-elected in 1970. He won the Republican presidential nomination in 1980. One year later he was elected President of the United States. Reagan did two big remarkable projects. The first one was a supply-side economy which concerning cut tax rates and reduced Government budget to struggle against inflation. This policy was also called ”Reaganomics” The second project was an SDI (Strategic Defence Initiative): the basic goal was to intercept and destroy incoming nuclear ballistic missiles to prevent detonation over the U.S. during the cold war.

Roek-Ari Nana. Image


Tom Hanks

Tom Hanks today

Tom Hanks is an American actor and director born in 1956 in California. He got his first role in 1980 in a horror movie He Knows You’re Alone. Yet, he came to fame thanks to the sitcom Bosom Buddies.

He won recognition in 1993 with Philadelphia where he plays the role of a gay lawyer with AIDS who is fighting against his firm for discrimination. In 1994, he had the lead role in the legendary Forrest Gump. Most of the movies he played in after that were great successes like Apollo 13, Saving Private Ryan, The Green Mile. He started to realize short series such as From the Earth to the Moon or Band of Brothers. He was awarded 2 Oscars for his performances in Philadelphia and Forest Gump among more than 40 awards.

Finally, I can say that after more than 30 years of career, Tom Hanks is one of the richest actors in the world and he is also one of people’s favorite actors.

Marine Porcher. Image


Jazz & Glenn Miller

Glenn Miller Orchestra

Jazz was born in the 1920s but it flourished during the Second World War. This music was a rallying cry for US servicemen, it helped boost the morale of the soldiers and of the loved ones at home, who, by listening to patriotic and romantic songs on the radio, were encouraged to wage war on the home front.

Jazz musicians were numerous and one of them was Glenn Miller. He was born in 1904 and he became an American jazz musician, arranger, composer, and bandleader during the swing era.

He joined the US Army on October 7, 1942, with the rank of captain. He created a band that became known as the Army Air Forces Orchestra. Until 1944, Miller’s Air Force band toured the country, playing at War Bond rallies and for Army recruitments, but the call came to move overseas. On November 1, 1944, Miller’s band began a series of weekly radio broadcast from England. He went missing in action presumably over the English Channel on December 15, 1944.

Jessica Ple


English National Ballet

A ballet dancer

The English National Ballet is a classical ballet founded in 1950 by Alicia Markova and Anton Dolin.

The company employs approximately 65 dancers and a symphony orchestra. The company regularly performs seasons at the London Coliseum. Moreover they perform ballet anywhere in the world because they have a brilliant reputation.

One of the most talented dancers is Venus Villa. She began the dance at the age of 9 and she is very smiling dancer.

Pauline Durand. Image


Marilyn Monroe

Marilyn Monroe

Marilyn Monroe, whose real name was Norma Jeane Mortensen, was born in June 1926 in Los Angeles. She had a chaotic childhood with a mother in a psychiatric hospital and an unknown father.

During the war, she was hired as a parachute checker, then an army photographer noticed her so she started a modelling career and was renamed Marilyn Monroe. She began to get depressed when she lost her baby in 1957.

In 1962 she was accused of having a love relationship with President John F Kennedy and finally in the morning of August 5th, 1962 she was discovered dead in her house. Officially, the investigation concluded a suicide, but there are some rumours saying that she was murdered for being Kennedy's mistress.

Gwenaelle Dubois. Image


Royal Air Force


The RAF was founded in 1918. It is the world’s oldest independent air force. The most senior position in the RAF is that of Chief of Air Staff (CAS). Air Chief Marshal Sir Stephen Dalton has occupied this position since 2010.

The RAF was decisive during the Battle of France (invasion of German in 1940). They lost 959 planes and 1526 people died. About 4,000 tons of bombs were dropped.The RAF later supplied and flew half the aircraft deployed for the Normandy Landing.

The most famous aircraft is the Spitfire. It was the most used plane by the Allies during WWII. Nowadays there are 827 airplanes in the RAF. The RAF is one of the most well-known air forces in the world. It played a major role during the liberation France.

Arthur Coudray


Princess Diana

Princess Diana photo

Diana Spencer was born in 1961 into an aristocratic English family. When Diana was 9 year old her parents divorced then she was sent in an all-girls boarding school. In 1975, her father earned the title "Earl Spencer" which made her "Lady Diana Spencer".

After briefly attending finishing school in Switzerland, young Diana moved to London. In 1980 Diana started dating Prince Charles and in 1981, they got married. By 1986 the royal couple was still being seen publicly but they spent less and less time together.

Diana took on her role as princess with excitement and enthusiasm. She did a lot of charity work which made her hugely popular with the public, if not with the royal family themselves.

In 1996 after having dined in the Ritz hotel in Paris she left promptly because of the paparazzi. Unfortunately, her car crashed under the Pont de l'Alma. Nowadays we still think about her. She is a model for many other princesses and even for regular people. She was a very caring, kind-hearted and humble person.

Roek Ari Nana. Image


Olympic Scandals

Olympic rings with paint dripping

First of all, there were boycotts. The most famous boycott was in 1980 and 1984 during the Cold War by the United States and 35 other nations at the 1980 Moscow olympics and by the Soviet Union and 15 another nations 4 years later at Los Angeles. To this day, only four nations have been represented at every olympics: France, Great Britain, Australia and Switzerland.

Then there were problems of performances enhancing drugs. The use of those drugs have been forbidden since 1967. The best-known case of doping was in 1988 at Seoul with the disqualification of Ben Johnson after his 100 meters win.

Also there was sex discrimination. In 1992, 35 teams were still all- male teams. This number decreased to zero in 2012 when, for the first time, every nation was composed of men and women.

Finally, there was terrorism and violence: three Olympics were cancelled because of World Wars in 1916, 1940 and 1944 and, in 1972, 11 members of the Israeli team were taken hostage and killed by Palestinians.

Tsiory Rakotoniaina


The Walt Disney World Resort

Map of Disney World Resort

Construction of the second Disney World resort started in Orlando Florida in 1967.

The first park was Magic Kingdom (1971). Originally it only had twenty-three attractions but is now split into six themed lands. The park’s symbol is Cinderella’s castle situated at the end of Main Street USA. The most famous attractions include Pirates of the Caribbean, Big Thunder Mountain, the Haunted Mansion and It’s a Small World.

Epcot (Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow, 1982),has two distinct realms: Future World and World Showcase, where visitors can enjoy the cooking and culture of eleven countries. Disney's Hollywood Studios (1989) is dedicated to show business, mostly inspired from Hollywood’s golden age in the 1930s and 1940s. Disney's Animal Kingdom (1998) shows Walt Disney’s dedication to conservation and his commitment to animal care, education and research.

The whole concept of Disneyland was to create a place where fun is unlimited and real life can be forgotten. This goal was achieved in Magic Kingdom, which hosted 17.5 million visitors in 2012.

Jessica Ple. Image


The Rugby Ashes

The name came from the cricket match opposing England to Australia when they lost the match and a satirical paper called The Sporting News invented the term of Ashes.

Each year they would do a three match series and evan thought on team would have one two marches they will still play the third match. Ever since the beginning the English rugby team had many names such as Northern Union League, England and now they are known as The Lions. The Australian team is also called the Wallabies. The last test match Ashes happened this summer and have been won by the Lions.

Guillaume Barre



Want to improve your accent?

Try LyricsTraining an easy and fun method using music videos and lyrics of your favorite songs! Or Tuneintoenglish: The essential resource for learning English through pop music.




            iconDreamweaver CS3 (v.9)

is the name of the web development tool you will be using to design and create web sites this year.




2014 - Pupils' Websites - 2014




BBC Logo

The BBC (British Broadcasting Corporation), founded in 1922, produces and broadcasts TV and Radio programs. In 1927 the BBC became a public audiovisual. The company has emphasized its objective to inform the audience and, mainly to ensure the quality of programming thanks to the elite and devoted journalists who come from the most prestigious universities.

But the BBC is also widely praised, especially in France, for its important role of radio service for the Resistance Force during the Second World War.

Nowadays, in the UK, the BBC broadcasts many television and radio channels; such as BBC One, for general public or BBC World News for international news. But the BBC also owns 5 national radio stations, 5 digital radios, as well as 40 regional ones. Finally, the BBC produces an international radio called World Service that can be heard 24 hours a day.

The BBC is the most outstanding British news media company in terms of earnings and audience, known all over the world with an undisputed reputation for cultural excellence.

Celine Lau. Image



bitcoin logo

It is a virtual currency held in an electronic wallet. These virtual wallets can either be stored in a computer or in the cloud. This currency is special because there is no central bank controlling it. Its value is also very volatile. Two years ago the Bitcoin’s value was $100, one year later it reached $1.000, recently it dropped to $550.

Trading Bitcoins is easy, untraceable and free. You will need to enter the amount and the key associated to a wallet and send. This currency is controversial because it can be used to buy drugs and weapons. These platforms allow to trade Bitcoins for Euro, Dollar, Pound, Yen, etc. The value of the Bitcoin is based on the confidence of the users.

Bitcoin has many advantages: it has no central bank, it is anonymous and free but it is also very volatile. I like Bitcoin for theses advantages, but I would not recommend speculating on Bitcoin.

Edouard Allez. Image



Whatsapp logo

WhatsApp is a startup founded in 2009 in the Silicon Valley by 2 men who were before employees of Yahoo! : Brian Acton and Jan Koum. The name of the app is a pun with What’s up?. You can send free messages, images, and videos with internet or Wi-ficonnexion. The aim was to create a system on smartphones which can replace SMS between people.

WhatsApp had a better beginning than other big apps on the web such as Facebook, Gmail, Twitter and Skype 4 years after the beginning of each one.

In February 2014, Facebook announced that it bought WhatsApp for $19 billion. Mark Zuckerberg declared that WhatsApp will sure reach 1 billion users, and that it is good for the value of the app. Google also made an offer to buy WhatsApp, but it was just $10 billion, so it was sold to Facebook. For the two creators, it was a good deal because they are rich: they became billionaires thanks to Facebook.

Manon Bourgade. Image


Forrest Gump

Forrest Gump poster

Forrest Gump is a famous movie; it was firstly a novel written by Wistton Groom in 1986.The movie script was written by Eric Roth and directed by Robert Zemeckis, the main actors are Tom Hanks, Robin Wright and Gary Sinise. It is an American movie that wasreleased in 1994 and cost $65,000,000.

To summarize the story I can say that this character will take part in the most important events during the end of the 20th century. This movie is not only for fun, behind the story, that looks pretty simple, there is an ethical point too. You don’t have to be smart to succeed; you’ve got to be brave that is all. One of the most famous phrases of the movie is “My mama always said, "stupid is as stupid does"?”

The movie won 5 Oscar in 1995, 3 Golden Globes the same year and 6 academy awards.

Nina le Blanc



View of Manchester

Manchester is an English city 230km from the capital, with 430,000 inhabitants, ofwhich 70,000 are students. It has a temperate climate: frequent rain and cool temperatures.Manchester is considered the regional capital of northeast England. From its creation, this city was an industrial power. Its industrial growth was particularly helped by Liverpool’s port nearby.

Today, there is a night economy that is well developed with many pubs and clubs. Its architecture is marked by the omnipresence of red bricks. We can noticed that there are varied buildings: on the one hand, historical buildings and,on the other hand, something more modern with tall skyscrapers, and a huge mall. Manchester is the third most visited city in the United Kingdom. Art, the music, and the architecture are represented everywhere. Manchester is very attractive through its two superb universities: Manchester University and Manchester Metropolitan University. Manchester also stands out with its two famous Premiere League football teams, Manchester United and Manchester City.

Manchester is an interesting town, attractive and rich by its culture.

Charlotte Gasch. Image


The impact of video games on the American society

Grand Theft Auto

Video games are part of a polemical debate. People think that players are more violent than other people and we can see that sometimes it’s a bit true. In 1999 two teenagers began gunning down their classmates in the cafeteria of their high school. They killed 13 people… The two liked playing “Doom”, a game where the players use shotguns to kill zombies. News games like GTA V become more realistic and violent and the players can do whatever they want to in the city.

However studies seem to say that violent video games don’t create a more violent society. The study has found no conclusive link between video game and violent activity. Also we can see that crime rates are decreasing while video games sales are increasing.

Nowadays video games are used in the army. Some firm such as MASA Group use video games technology to create a simulation of the place where the soldiers will fight and like that we can know where there will be a potential problem.

Charles Langlois-Meurinne. Image



Scottish piper on hill

Scotland is one of the four parts of the United Kingdom, and one of the six Celtic nations, located in the Northern part of England. Its capital is Edinburgh where the administrative and financial centres are based, but the most populated city is Glasgow.

Economically, Scotland has many economic assets such as the North Sea oil and gas, powerful high-tech andan efficient banking system. But Scotland also has deeply rooted traditions, with its non-official anthem Flower of Scotland, its national St Andrew’s Day and its non-official national day, Burns Night, a traditional celebration in commemoration of the famous writer Robert Burns. Scotland also has a traditional costume with the kilt, a wool skirt worn by men on special occasions, and traditional musical customs with the Great Highland Bagpipe, the most famous Scottish instrument.

Scotland is a country that is rich in culture, with deeply rooted traditions and economic assets that make it so distinctive from the rest of Britain.

Celine Lau. Image


The Simpsons

Homer Simpson's brain

The Simpsons is a very popular American satirical sitcom, which talks about American society across a second class family. This is the longest-running American sitcom, with 25 seasons. It began in 1989 on Fox Channel and was created by Matt Groening.

The story takes place in the fictional city of Springfield which symbolizes the USA. This sitcom turns around the Simpson’ family with the father Homer, his wife Marge and their two children, Bart and Lisa. The Simpson sitcom criticizes a lot the American overconsumption, educational system, violence, politics, religion and ignorance. So to take an example, the overconsumption is described through the generalized obesity of Springfielders, the omnipresence of commercials centers and shops and Homer's systematic purchases at each episode.

So the Simpson’s sitcom is funny but is also very interesting because it is a criticism of American society, sometimes directly and sometimes indirectly, but all time with humor.

Sebastien Mesle. Image


America's Cup


The history of the America's Cup began in 1851 when the American schooner, America, won against fifteen British boats around the Isle of Wight in England. The American team received from the British the Hundreds Guineas Cup, which was called America's Cup thanks to the name of the boat. The oldest sport trophy of the word was created!

During more than a century (132 years), the USA kept the silver ewer (the nickname of the trophy) until 1983 and the defeat against the Australian team. Only two others countries have won the Cup since (New zealand and Swiss). This sailing competition introduces many technology improvements, such as the 34th edition where boats were able to reach 100 km/h.

We can say that the America's Cuphas become part of the Anglophone culture. In countries such as New Zealand almost a quarter of the population watched the match races of the last edition! Sailing is a state of mind could be the motto of this famous sporting event.

Louis Banton. Image



Chicago landscape

Chicago is the third biggest city in the USA. It is situated in the North East of Illinois. Founded in 1770, there are today 3 million inhabitants.

Nicknamed the "Windy City”, is a powerful city in the USA because of the Stock Exchange of agricultural raw materials: it determines, for example, wheat or soya prices for the entire world. Chicago is also situated in the Manufacturing Belt so lots of companies settled here: Boeing, McDonald’s or Motorola. Many films and series were shot in this city, for example Scarface, The Dark Knight and Prison Break. There is a famous basketball team, the Chicago Bulls.

Famous personalities born in Chicago include Walt Disney, Michelle Obama and Hilary Clinton (two first ladies). Chicago was also the city of Al Capone, the godfather of the Chicago Mafia. He was an American gangster who became known for his illegal activities such as alcohol smuggling during the Prohibition in the 1920s.

Adèle Ciolkovitch


Abercrombie and Fitch

Abercrombie and Fitch logo

Abercrombie and Fitch is an American trademark based in Ohio, USA, founded in 1892 by David Abercrombie and Ezra Fitch. The clothes are more for teenagers and young adults. The first shop was built in 1892 in Manhattan, New York. There were clothes for hiking, shotguns and fishing rods, so it wasn’t like today.

Today, Abercrombie and Fitch sells “Casual Luxury”  clothes: vintage t-shirts, jeans and sweatshirts. The logo on lots of their clothes represents an elk. The spacious shops have a young and dynamic atmosphere: they are in darkness, with loud music, the clothes and shopping bags are perfumed, and the assistants are shirtless. The trademark has more than 1,000 shops in the world, 300 in the USA, with four different labels.

In France, there is only one shop in Paris but there is always a queue to enter. The waiting time depends on the day and the hour: you can wait for 2 hours if you’re not lucky!

Manon Bourgade. Image


Death Valley

Road in Death Valley

Death Valley is a desert situated in eastern California, on the United States west coast. It is the only place where you can find a salt desert, a sand desert and a rock desert at the same place.

We started our trip at Badwater Point, the hottest place in America! My family and I walked a while on a salt lake and we were amazed by the brightness of the light. We felt like being in an oven. The thermometer indicated 52°C, it was awesome! By the evening we arrived at Furnace Creek, an oasis with a surprising 18 holes golf course surrounded by desert. Next morning, we woke up very early to see the sunrise changing the colours of the landscape. Then we visited the three types of desert. In the sand desert the dunes were changing aspect, shaped by the wind. Walking in the rock desert was like being on the moon; a landscape of poverty.

I would advise anyone to go and see such a beautiful region!

Edouard Allez




TOEIC Training

Now is the time to begin intensive training for your forthcoming TOEIC exam. Be prepared - and good luck to you all! Here are some links to help you:



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The MegaQuiz (B2-C1)

Un quiz grammatical de Rodolphe Martin pour s’entraîner et/ou réviser. A faire et à refaire !


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Oral Comprehension training (1)
Oral Comprehenson training (2)


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