The DarkNet

TOR logo

The Darknet can be compared to the dark side of the Internet, it is an online peer 2 peer network, on which each user is totally anonymous, as the billion users' IP addresses are exchanged. In order to use the Darknet, you need a special software. There are plenty of them, but the best one is TOR. TOR, or The Onion Router, is free software which enables you to be anonymous on the web AND to access the Darknet. The Darknet pages are characterized by .onion at the end of their URL, instead of the usual .com.

You will find mostly everything on the Darknet: online libraries, banned websites etc., but the most flourishing business is illegal activities: drugs & weapons selling, pedophile pictures, contract killers etc.

As everyone is anonymous on the Darknet, it is also an important place for political exchanges. Moreover, it is massively used in countries which suffer from oppression from their government: when the internet is censured, the Darknet becomes a weapon, for example The Arabian Spring.

Jules Coussement. Image


How to earn money on Internet

Laptop with money

There are several way to earn money on Internet; some are legal, others not and it can also be interesting to separate the way to earn and to win money

First, we will see the legal way to earn money. A beauty YouTuber of my age explains that she would be able to live modestly with the money that she receives from YT for her videos.

Some ways to earn money are not as legal as we’ve just seen. Some people believe in fake announcement and follow the instructions, which often lead the person to give his personal credit card code or information where the thief can find money. The difference between “earn” and “win” money is important to clarify. Earning money means that a person works for it.

In conclusion, I think that we can be all right on the fact that Internet can be a great opportunity to earn money, but there is a limit that people shouldn’t cross.

Ariane Chatrenet



Computer spewing mail

With more than 90% emails being reported as unsolicited, it tops the list of one of the most bothersome irritations. But what is it exactly? It is generally described as advertising email sent to a mailing list. It is incredibly annoying: in addition to wasting people's time, it also eats up a lot of network bandwidth.

Historically, spam is short for spiced ham, a canned food during World War II which was ubiquitous and not always welcome. It consequently became slang for one of the curses of the Internet age: junk mail.

After the first, sent in 1978, by G.Thuerk, to 600 addresses, it was quickly recognized as an excellent advertising tool and it sharply increased. It is easy to create and spammers collect addresses from chatrooms, customer listsetc. It is difficult to arrest them, since they use false names and addresses, or stolen credit cards.

Berenice Heuberger. Image



Netflix logo

Netflix is an American provider of on-demand Internet media, Blu-ray and DVD rental which are posted to the users. It has 36.3 million subscribers. Netflix was founded by Marc Randolph and Reed Hastings and the website was launched in 1997.

On Netflix, you pay a monthly subscription of 7.99 dollars per month, which allows you to rent the movies of your choice and keep them as long as you want. The only limit you have is the number of DVDs you receive simultaneously.

With a Netflix account, you can browse for movies or TV shows you would like you watch. Titles can be added to a list of entertainment you want to watch called “Your Queue”. If the movie or TV show is available as streaming video, you can watch it instantly. If it is not, you add it to "You're Queue” and a DVD will be sent to your home, with a pre-paid mailing envelope to return it. Once it has returned, the next movie in your queue will be sent.

Sidonie Von Putbus. Image logo

This site was created in Latvia in 2010 as a rival to The principle of this social network is simple: users can receive questions from other identified or anonymous users.

Today the site has 80 million users who post 30 million questions and answers each day, so it is a real success throughout the world, mainly among the teenagers. Therefore, the site has become one of the most visited.

There were many improvements over time, and both iPhone and Android applications were released this summer. However, this year, the site has been the subject of several articles in international newspapers in relation to cyber-bullying, linked to many teenager suicides. The site was then criticized for not possessing an effective system that could remove the evil messages, as well as not having parental control, as is the norm on other social networks.

Many advertisers and sponsors have already removed their partnership with, including eBay, BT, Vodafone and McDonald's.

Come Ducoux. Image



YouTube logo

YouTube is a video-sharing website, created in 2005 by PayPal employees Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, and Jawed Karim, on which users can upload, view and share videos. The company is based in San Bruno, California, and was bought by Google for $1.65 billion in 2006.

100 hours of videos are uploaded to YouTube every minute. Of the top 10 most viewed videos, 9 are music videos. YouTube is the third most visited site in the world, after Google and Facebook. Today, the most viewed video on YouTube is the Gangnam Style, with almost 2 billion views. Some celebrities such as Lady Gaga, Eminem or Rihanna reach thousands of millions of views on their videos, and their channels have millions of subscribers.

As a conclusion, it is obvious to say that YouTube has become a part of our life and that it is hard to ignore that it is one of the most popular social networks of our time.

Ariane Chatrenet


The Twitter Revolution

Twitter bird winking

Twitter is changing the world! The social network created in 2006 has changed journalism’s practices. 70% of journalists use Twitter but, in fact, everybody can have the news all around the world with just a smartphone. Ten or twenty years ago, journalists informed people. Ten or twenty years later, on the one hand, Internet or Twitter informs people and, on the other hand, the journalist checks sources, makes analysis, rechecks details and establishes hierarchies. Twitter has also changed television. If you want to know the audience of a TV program, you can go on Twitter and you will have an idea. Twitter makes TV more attractive, more interactive, even more social. Twitter has also changed political habits. Politicians use Twitter in order to make comments or criticisms; in fact, Twitter is becoming a new way for them to express their point of view. One year ago, in United States, Barack Obama was re-elected president and he decided, first, to announce his victory… on Twitter.

Paul-Luc Monnier. Image


The Android OS

models on Googles lawn

Android is an operating system for electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets or even TVs and watches. Millions of devices use it. This OS is based on a Linux kernel and was designed for touch screen devices. Google launched it in 2007.

Android is open source; anyone can use it without worrying about copyright. That explains why it is so popular on the market. Like any OS, it receives regular updates, bringing new features, but also interface enhancements. The different versions of Android were all named after desserts: you have for example Cupcake, Donut, or even KitKat. When a new version is released, the Android Development Team orders a statue of the dessert logo and put it in front of their offices!

You can install applications by downloading them from the Google Playstore, which has more than 1 million apps.

To sum up, we can say that Android is a very capable platform, constantly evolving and is nowadays the most popular OS for mobile devices.

Pierre Li




Journalism and ICT

Journalist wearing Google glass

We can check the news on Facebook, Twitter or just with a Smartphone but in what way can we say that ICT is changing journalism practices?

On the one hand, Internet is becoming a weapon. Some countries use it to spy on, control or arrest journalists. They must be protected in order to inform. In Syria, for example, journalists use a VPN, a Virtual Private Network that makes it almost impossible for someone watching your internet traffic to determine your location. In fact, 10 or 20 years ago, during a war or a conflict, journalists needed a bullet proof jacket. In 2014, they need digital security.

On the other hand, some tools like Google Glass are revolutionizing journalism because, especially in breaking news, you must react quickly. Last year, Tim Pool, an American journalist, used Google Glass to cover Istanbul protests. He recorded and broadcasted the demonstrations live. Is he building a new type of journalism? I don’t know. I can just say that he is using another digital way… to inform.

Paul-Luc Monnier. Image



a smartwatch

A smartwatch is a connected watch. It is an accessory currently in full growth that synchronizes itself to your smartphone, to make your life easier.

A smartwatch enables you to read your emails, or text messages, to be connected to your favorite social networks, and also lets you take pictures; your phone just needs to be within 10 meters.

The smartwatch industry target is actually everybody. In fact, it is customizable and everyone will find something to be happy with, because the bracelet can be black, white, in leather or even in a fluorescentcolor for some teenagers. The price depends on the manufacturer and the brand you choose, but it is usually between 100 and 400€. Smartwatches can work with any Android phone or Blackberry.

Lots of brands launched their own smartwatches, such as Sony or Google. The Samsung Galaxy Gear just came out, and there is a rumour about an eventual iWatch by Apple.

Noemie Beauget. Image



Wikileaks secret document

Wikileaks is an online, journalistic organization. It was founded in Iceland in 2006 by Julian Assange, an Australian hacker, currently of 42 years old. The website is based on voluntarism. Its stated goal is to bring important news and information to the public, as well as to protect whistleblowers. To achieve this, Wikileaks uses a worldwide network called The Onion Router, which is based on layers of encryption. Wikileaks is currently being hosted in Sweden by the Pirate Party.

Notable leaks include: the Collateral Murder video published in April 2010, showing the attack of several journalists and children by US Army helicopters in July 2007 in Baghdad, the Afghan War Diary and Irak War Logs, published in July and October 2010 respectively, and the Guantanamo files leak in April 2011.

Wikileaks’ reception has been mixed, with Assange receiving several death threats, but one thing is for sure: it shows the power of the Internet today.

Benjamin Gervais.



Tumblr logo

Tumblr is a micro blogging platform. David Karp founded it in 2007 and the headquarters are located in New York City. There are at the moment 167 million blogs.

The concept of Tumblr is to express your creativity but also yourself with a blog. You can post your own pictures, publish texts, share some music and videos but the website is popular for its reblogging function. Reblogging consists of sharing (most of the time) pictures from a blog to yours.

The social network is different from others because you show your true self through your interests. Instead of having pictures of oneself or friends, people tend to have pictures of food, celebrities, art, quotes, lifestyle things they like on their blog. It is an interesting way to get to know each other.

Tumblr is a place where you can find all sorts of amazing photographs, it is funny and quite addictive!

Emilie Phachanh. Image



Viber logo

Viber is a phone application which allows us to contact everyone in the world with an internet connection for free. This application is available for smartphones. Viber has more than 200 million users.

Viber was created in 2010 by Talmon Marco to compete with Skype. Viber includes text messages, pictures and voice calls. The Viber company is based in Cyprus and has development centers in Belarus and Israel.

There was a big controversy with this application in the Arabic world because Talmon Marco served the Israeli army and had development facilities in Israel. He gave an interview to The Guardian where he compared his company to a friends and family company. In this interview, he also said: We never took a single dollar from Israel.

To conclude, Viber is a very practical application when you have friends or family in a foreigner country. It is very easy to communicate with them where you want, when you want.

Fabien Prevosteau. Image



GPS satellite

GPS means Global Positioning System: it is a space-based satellite navigation system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions. The system provides critical capabilities to military, civil and commercial users all around the world. It is maintained by the US government and is freely accessible to anyone, anywhere with a GPS receiver.

The GPS project was developed in 1973 but became fully operational only in 1995. It works with 24 satellites which are circling around the earth, and which continually transmits messages. The receiver uses the messages it receives to determine the transit time of each message, and computes the distance to each satellite at the speed of light.

Nowadays, the GPS is considered as a dual-use technology, meaning that it has significant military and civilian applications. It is a very useful tool that you need to update frequently and which is quite expensive too.

Matthieu Wenzler


Video Games

Grand Theft Auto

Nowadays, video games are taking an important place in our lives, but they are still difficult to define. Can video games be considered as a work of art?

First of all, as with movies, video games are designed to create different emotions in the gamer’s mind, so that you will find multiple categories, depending on what you are looking for. You want to save a princess? Then buy an adventure game. Or maybe you would prefer to be the last survivor of a zombie apocalypse? Well buy a survival horror.

Video games can also be considered as art graphically. Today the trend in the greatest productions is to make things look as realistic as possible (Call of Duty), but some artists prefer to adopt a more original style: Okami, for example, with its graphics looking like japanese prints. Finally, video games are also greatly improved in the world of music! Some main themes, such as the one of Final Fantasy are even played by greatest orchestras all around the world!

Jules Coussement. Image


Cloud Computing

Blue cloud on keyboard

Cloud Computing is a way to use a computer system that is situated on the cloud. The cloud is a web-based network available to distant users, so that they can access to services from anywhere.

The client may use the system to install an Operating system and applications, or may just use a specific application (Hotmail, Gmail etc). He can also use a web storage application (iCloud, Google Drive and Dropbox, for example). All the data you save on these systems are stored in huge datacenters. Your laptop may be stolen, your house may burn down, but your data are safe.

On the down side, however, by using such services, you allow your service provider to access to your data.

Oscar Marion. Image


Twitter & Instagram

Instagram logo

Twitter and Instagram are two applications frequently used worldwide nowadays.

Instagram is an online photo and short video sharing application, created in October 2010 by Steven Systrom and Michel Krieger, and it is really simple to use. It allows youto take pictures, and apply many digital filters on them. The pictures will be cropped so they’ll look like Vintage Polaroid ones. Afterwards, you can share them on a wide range of social network services such as Facebook, Tumblr, Twitter etc. Every user has a personal Instagram page, where all the pictures taken or reworked on the application are stored. The other users can then leave comments or like the photos.

Created in March 2006, Twitter is now use in almost all countries, translated in over 20 languages, and is really useful to spread information. It is a social network that connects you in real time to the latest stories, ideas, opinions, news that you could find interesting. Its purpose is to express everything that is on your mind.

Noemie Beauget. Image



Cloud Computing

Cloud computing diagram

Cloud computing is new way of perceiving computing. You don’t have to own an operating system, just log on one that is situated on the cloud. The cloud could be compared to an office building, where everybody is using it for different reasons, but don’t own it.

It is really convenient to use, moreover thanks to it you can have all your personal data and folders with you from wherever you access the cloud. Furthermore, instead of downloading an application (and paying for it) you can just use it via the cloud, and then you pay for what you get exactly.

The drawback of cloud computing is that it is completely dependent on the internet, using the cloud infers a constant connection. Plus it is an international system, so your data could fall under different jurisdictions, so be careful with your privacy.

Cloud computing is spreading fast, especially in companies, because of all the financial benefits of it. However, according to a survey in the USA, most of people are in favour of it.

Lina Mostefai. Image


Technologies in the recording history

A home recording studio

Since the first recording of all time in 1860, recording techniques have always been revolutionized.

The recording studio as it is used by artists today was popularized during the 40's and had a great expansion to many bands of this time during the 60s: this is the first revolution of recording history. Then the apparition of bigger multi-track recorders or other gear permitted studios to have more and more capabilities. The second revolution happened on 1984 with the apparition of the CD-ROM and today recording studios have almost no limits for recording or adding effects or instruments.

The future of the studio is based on a way to experiment more and more with the development of new keyboards and also to develop the concept of home studio for everybody. Today, the home studio is accessible to everybody for a cheap price. Even if this concept is certainly a bad point for real recording studios, it is the future for this part of the music industry.

Valentin Louis. Image


The Internet Revolution

Pie chart

With the rapid development of sciences and technology, Internet has gradually become a necessary part of our lives. But it’s a two-edged sword that has disadvantages as well as advantages.

At first sight, the Internet facilitates our life enormously, and gives us new horizons: students and universities can work on new projects together, patients consult doctors by e-mail or video and are better informed, online shopping is increasing and enables you to get almost everything just by a simple click and relationships are being transformed by the possibility of contacting people without the limitation of time and space.

But disadvantages are also present: the unlimited knowledge may present mistakes because we often ignore its origin, junk mail pollutes our mailboxes, free downloading can cripple young artists and computer addiction alters social behaviour.

Lastly, the most difficult question for the future is not how technology will change, but how people will change with this progress, how will they exploit it.

Berenice Heuberger. Image



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Keep up with technology news with BBC Click


My Blackberry Is Not Working!

A little ICT comedy to make you laugh


2013 - Pupils' Websites - 2013

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Autumn Term:
TOEIC crash course

Spring & Summer Terms: Malware, ICT in Society, Cloud Computing, debates, discussions.



The MegaQuiz (B2-C1)

Un quiz grammatical de Rodolphe Martin pour s’entraîner et/ou réviser temps, mots de liaison, vocabulaire, synonymes, anto-nymes, etc. A faire et à refaire !!


Notions de base en anglais à revoir ?

100 activités de rattrapage



TOEIC Training

Now is the time to begin intensive training for your forthcoming TOEIC exam. Be prepared - and good luck to you all! Here are some links to help you:



Fake wi-fi 'steals data and numbers from smartphones'

Watch this video



Malware infographic - read this!

Modern cyber crime exposed

BBC team exposes cyber crime risk

Botnets &DDoS explained

Phishing scams in plain English

How to spot email scams video and text

Copyright, Fair Use and Creative Commons: Slideshow by Mike Moore, Video "A Fair(y) Use Tale" a humorous, yet informative, review of copyright principles

Home Working: a good BBC article for revision

PC security Quiz: are you security savvy or simply a sucker?

Staying safe online

Useful malware vocabulary: easy definitions

Oral comprehension training (1)
Oral comprehension training (2)



Some suggestions for oral presentations:

Keep up with information and communication technology news on BBC CLICK. Other ideas on English language newspaper websites (Technology tab), on How Stuff Works, Top 100 tools for learning 2012, Pogue's Posts or

Please don't forget to include a small image (with its source) when sending your summary.

I.C.T. - advantages and disadvantages in our society. Some ideas, in no particular order:

New technologies which make our lives easier and more comfortable or our work more efficient. The latest ICT gadgets - are they just gadgets?

Mobile devices: laptops, netbooks, tablets, eBook readers, smartphones, 4G networks, etc.
Censorship. ePollution and malware (hacking, spam, viruses, fraud etc). Operating systems. The e-book. Internet. Media streaming. Google. Wikipedia. eBay. P2P. Open source software. Instant messaging. GPS. Internet and child safety tools. eCommerce. The growth and influence of user-generated content on internet(YouTube, blogs, social networks etc) ...